Millions of people began knocking on China’s door on Sunday with a single ten-year-old number of people around the world that for the first time would use mobile apps to help eliminate large numbers.
About seven million community workers and volunteers will drive the two-month data collection effort, visiting homes from skyscrapers in the center of Shanghai to remote Tibetan mountain valleys.
China conducts censuses every ten years to determine population growth, travel patterns and other trends, using its findings to distribute education, health, transportation, labor, elderly care and other services.
The previous 2010 figure was 1,339,724,852 people, an increase of 5.83 percent, or 73,899,804 people – equivalent to an increase over the French population over a decade.
A major focus on this year’s census – which is expected to take two years to fully integrate – will focus on whether it reflects any outbreak from China’s rest from its previous “one-child policy policy.”
The policy was introduced in the late 1970s to slow rapid population growth amid growing food insecurity, but was softened four years ago to allow two children due to fears of a rapidly growing Chinese population and declining staff.
But the change has not yet come to the child.
The national birth rate last year has been the lowest since the establishment of Communist China in 1949, with many Chinese today choosing small families among the rising cost of living.
The government estimates that the 2020 census could update the population to 1.42 billion, an average of 5.99%.
A research center affiliated with the housing company Evergrande Group last week released a study saying the government’s figure was too important, and suggested that three children be allowed.
“If reform is not done, it will have a significant impact on the country’s recovery and (China) rise as a major force,” the researchers said, citing the two stated goals of the powerful President Xi Jinping.
The study has sparked a lively online discussion, with many claiming that real barriers to childbirth increase cost and adequate family support.
“Even the policy of ten children is useless until we build a society that is friendly at birth and ready for children,” said one “most popular” comment from WeChat’s spokesman for China’s largest company Tencent.
Statistics experts estimate that it could take up to 15 years for a two-child policy to have a significant impact as some modern factors slow down rapid growth, including strong Chinese women who delay or avoid childbirth, and the slow population growth that comes with national growth.
In addition to door-to-door visits, many citizens are expected to enter their personal information via a smartphone app, which adds to the growing popularity of privacy protection.
A large amount of Chinese economic activity and payments are handled through digital applications such as WeChat and its rival Alipay, provided by Ant Group in partnership with Alibaba.
Many consumers accept the data offer that emerges through their shopping habits, travel, and other personal information as a minimum to pay for digital use.
But some are increasingly concerned about the privacy and security of the data, rising sharply this year with China’s introduction of a nationwide digital health code system that puts citizens at risk of coronavirus and should be shown to enter many public places.